If you want to make your own potting mix using soil and soil conditioner, there are plenty of choices available to you. These choices can be very confusing at first but avid gardeners know that the choice of soil conditioner comes down to coco coir and peat moss. Coco coir or BioActive Cocopeat is a by-product of coconut husk that is fibrous and is preferred for its water retention and aeration qualities. Peat moss, also known as sphagnum, is obtained from peat bogs. Once it has been harvested from the bogs, it is decomposed and compressed into brick like form and sold.
Even though both sphagnum and coco peat are good soil conditioners, it is widely accepted that coco peat is the better amongst the two. The advantages that coco coir has over peat moss are:
- Coco coir is less acidic than peat moss. Having acidic soil is not good for growing plants and since coco coir has less acidity levels, it grows better plants.
- Coco coir is antifungal and resists bacterial growth or fungal infections. On the other hand, peat moss often contains bacteria and spores, which can cause contamination in plants.
- Using BioActive Cocopeat keeps the plant free from snail infestation. However, snails are attracted to peat moss.
- Coco peat is a hydrophilic substance, which peat moss is not. Being hydrophilic, coco peat will re-wet without the addition of chemical agents.
- BioActive Cocopeat is not only organic, it is a renewable source whereas peat moss, once harvested, takes 25 years to regrow, thus disturbing ecological balance.
- The water retention of peat moss is less than that of coco coir, a fact which is crucial when trying to maintain an ideal moisture level for plant growth.
- Once coco peat is mixed with soil, it lasts 3 times longer than what peat moss normally lasts.
As a plant growing medium, coco coir is much better than peat moss. With rising concerns regarding destruction of ecology, BioActive Cocopeat is a better alternative to using peat moss.